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Back Pain During Pregnancy

Back pain is a common problem during pregnancy. Its prevalence ranges from 60 to 70 percent among all pregnant women. It can occur during any period of pregnancy, but it may increase significantly in the later stages of pregnancy due to the growth of the fetus. 

Back pain during pregnancy may cause problems and obstacles for the pregnant woman, such as the inability to sleep enough and well and It may also hinder the ability to carry out daily activities.

Causes Of Back Pain During Pregnancy

There are several reasons for the occurrence of back pain during pregnancy, and the most common causes are:

  • Weight Gained

During pregnancy, a woman gains between twenty-five to thirty pounds. This weight is considered normal, but it bears the responsibility of supporting and carrying the spine. It is natural that the weight of the fetus and the uterus will put pressure on the blood vessels and nerves in the pelvic and back area, causing lower back pain.

  • Changes In Body Position

Where pregnancy causes a change in the center of gravity in the body, and therefore this leads to a gradual change in the position of the body and the way it moves in order to adapt to that change, which causes stress and pain in the back.

  • Hormonal Changes

Relaxin is secreted during pregnancy in order to prepare the body for the birth process; As this hormone relaxes the ligaments and joints in the pelvic area, it may also loosen the ligaments of the spine, causing back pain.

  • Muscle Separation

The muscles that extend from the rib cage area to the pubic bone separate from the middle due to the increase in the size of the uterus and its expansion, and this separation may lead to worsening back pain more.

Things To Do To Relieve Back Pain During Pregnancy

  • Exercises

Exercising helps to remove and relieve back pain, but before starting to exercise it is necessary to consult a doctor. Among the exercises usually used are walking, and weight exercises that help strengthen the muscles of the back, legs and abdomen.

Stretching exercises increase the flexibility of the muscles of the back and feet, but you should take good care of your moves during the stretching exercises.

Exercising quickly or intensely may cause increased joint stress, and practicing yoga may also help.

In addition to swimming as it strengthens the abdominal muscles and lower back muscles and relieves joint and ligament stress, and pelvic tilt exercises that relieve lower back pain.

  • Maintaining A Proper Body Position

such as standing and sitting straight and moderately, using a footrest, in addition to using a pillow placed under the back, and not continuing to sit or standing for long and continuous periods, and making sure to use comfortable shoes that contain bending of the feet. 

  • Sleeping Sideways

Put a pillow between the legs and another pillow to support the abdominal area. In addition to bending the knees and thighs when leaving the bed, use the arms to support and push the body upward.

  • The Use Of Heat Or Cold

There is some evidence of a short-term effect of heat in relieving and removing pain, and cold can also be used when pain does not respond to heat despite the lack of sufficient evidence of the effectiveness of cold in this. But be sure to cover the compresses used, whether cold or hot, with a piece of cloth in order to protect the skin.


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